Who Needs Public Official Bonds and Why

Public official bonds are a type of Surety Bond required of public officials. The principal here is the public official; the obligee is the government asking for the bond. The purpose of the bond is to protect the general public from any misconduct by officials holding a position of power or trust in the government.

Who requires a Public Official Bond?

The Public Official Bond is typically required of officials who work with sensitive information or money. Such officials usually hold a position of power or deal with public funds. This includes:

  • Tax collection officials
  • Law enforcement officials, such as sheriffs and their sub-ordinates
  • Notaries
  • Judges and court-clerks
  • City Managers
  • Mayors
  • Officials working in the Treasury
  • Commissioners

Why do we need Public Official Bonds?

To maintain public trust

These are offices that enjoy a certain amount of public trust. For instance, the office of a judge is one of the most highly regarded positions in the country. It is critically important for our society that this trust is maintained. By penalizing any misconduct, we ensure that public officials discharge their duties as per the law, rules and regulations.

To ensure ethical practices

The bond ensures that the official, and through them, the government behaves in an ethical and just manner.

To protect public funds

Many public officials, such as those working in the treasury or tax collection offices regularly handle public funds. It is critical that a strict penalty is laid down for any misconduct or misappropriation of those funds. A bond will also define the economic fines for misconduct.

To reduce the State’s liability

The Public Official Bond limits the state’s liability by assigning clear penalties on the bonded official. Since, the official is a representative of the state, without a bond in place, misconduct can  extend to the state.

To see that the injured party is compensated

The public official bond is ultimately meant to protect the general public. In case of any breach of services, the injured party can file a complaint. If the complaint is found to be found to be valid, they can recover damages.

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